The number of international migrants living abroad for work, education, displacement due to violence or climate change is steadily increasing. When disasters occur, migrants may face specific challenges in accessing vital information and assistance.
In line with IOM's Regional Strategy 2020-2024 for Central America, North America and the Caribbean, the Western Hemisphere Program seeks to strengthen the capacity of governments to manage all forms and impacts of mobility in emergencies and crises, and to build the resilience of communities and populations on the move, especially those in situations of vulnerability.
Leveraging tools such as the Guidelines for the Protection of Migrants in Countries Affected by Conflict or Natural Disasters (MICIC) and the Migration Crisis Operational Framework (MCOF), IOM promotes actions and public policies that support the integration of migrants’ needs and perspectives in emergency prevention, preparedness and response systems, in accordance with IOM’s principle to ensure that migration benefits all people.



Practical Guide for Communicating in the Context of Migratory Crises

This is a quick reference guide for IOM staff who are in the field attending a crisis and must communicate with the migrant population in countries of transit or destination. It is based on the operational frameworks of the IOM (MICIC, MCOF, among others), as well as on the principles of strategic communication and communication for development.

Paso Canoas border. Migration flow: highly vulnerable persons between Panama and Costa Rica. Situation report #5. November 12, 2021.

The migration flow of extraregional mirants transiting through Central America en route to North America, continues to increase. In Panama, according to data from the National Migration Service (SNM), between January and October 2021, 121.737 migrants of variosus nationalities, such as Haiti (62%), Cuba (13%), Chile (8%), Brazil (7%), the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (2%) and other countries in South America, Asia and Africa, have entered Panama irregularly at the border with Colombia. People identified as nationals of Chile and Brazil are children of Haitian migrants born in those countries.

Communication campaign on the risks of irregular migration through the Darien forest

The "Speak the Truth" (Pale Verite) campaign follows the "Migrants as Messengers" model and has adapted the C4D methodology to crisis and emergency contexts. It targets potential migrants in Haiti and Haitian migrants in South American transit countries. Its objective is to inform about the risks of irregular migration through the Darien jungle using the testimonies of those who have already lived the experience.

Implementing activities related to MICIC

An overview of MICIC related activities that can be conducted in countries of destination and origin.

Reducing the vulnerability of migrants in emergencies

Reducing the vulnerability of migrants in emergencies

Informative booklet about IOM's capacity building work to implement the MICIC guidelines.

Orientation training module: what to do in an emergency

MICIC tool: Preparedness Training for Migrants. Facilitator's handbook.

This MICIC module aims to provide migrants with basic awareness on the main risks they may face in their respective host countries and locations, basic preparedness measures they can take to protect themselves, and key emergency-related sources of information and assistance in the host country.

Training authorities to include tourists in response to crises

The International Organization for Migration, in partnership with the Discover Dominica Authority (DDA), conducted a two-day workshop in April 2021, on the topic “Protecting Visitors to Dominica in Times of Crisis”.  Using case studies from Tropical Storm Erika and Hurricane Maria, the workshop highlighted  what worked well in providing protection to visitors who were on island at the time, and to draw lessons from the areas that needed improvement within the framework of IOM’s Migrants in Countries in Crisis (MICIC) guidelines.  

Click below to see the video!

IOM staff unloading an aid vehicle. Text: Mexico: Southern border monitoring in the context of COVID-19

Mexico-Emergency Tracking, Southern Border Monitoring In The Context Of COVID-19, Round #2, JULY 2020

This report presents a baseline evaluation for the month of July in order to know the status of the official Points of Entry (PoE) and the provision of services for migrants on the southern border of Mexico, specifically in Tapachula in the state of Chiapas and Tenosique and Villahermosa in Tabasco under the context of COVID-19. 

Title of the document over closeup of person washing hands

Toolkit for Development Partners: Integrating Migration into COVID-19 Socio-economic Response

Informed by the “UN Framework for the Immediate Socio‑Economic Response to COVID‑19”, and relevant EU and UN policy frameworks, the Toolkit provides analysis and practical tools to enable policymakers and practitioners to deal with the ways in which migration and sustainable development interact within the context of the COVID‑19 pandemic.

Man with hat and facemask sweeping park in Central American town. Next to him, the title of the study

Effects of COVID-19 on Migrants in Central America and the Caribbean: main findings

This study was conducted throughout the month of June, 2020, by digital means and using snowball sampling. Findings are based on 1660 valid answers and include three population segments: extraregional migrants in Central America and Mexico, people from Central America or Mexico who are migrants in any place of the world and people who are native to Central America or Mexico and who plan on migrating.